Mirtazapine is commonly used in elderly patients with depression who are also suffering from insomnia. Mirtazapine is often chosen because it is much safer than benzodiazepines, “z-drugs”, and antipsychotics. The mechanisms of mirtazapine (podcast episode on the pharmacology) include the release of norepinephrine via presynaptic adrenergic auto-receptor blockade, increased serotonin production through stimulation of adrenoreceptors on serotonergic cell bodies, and the direct blockade of 5-HT2 and 5-HT3 receptors. Mirtazapine has a high H1 receptor affinity, leading to antihistamine effects. So what does this mean as far as dosing of mirtazapine for insomnia?
Diet. The impact, if any, of diet on hair loss, and what foods you can eat to maximise your hair growth
Hair Care. The role of looking after your hair with good washing routines. Medication. How medication can help slow or stop your hair loss and, in some cases, help regrow the hair you’ve lost.→
Hay fever is a very common problem that affects up to 26% of adults in the UK. For some people it can be a minor inconvenience but for others, it can seriously impact their quality of life at different times of the year. You can use a combination of lifestyle tips and medication to get relief from hay fever symptoms.→
Migraine is a very common condition that is thought to affect around 1 in 7 people. People who experience migraine usually suffer from a severe headache but it can be accompanied by other symptoms. In this article, we explore the different types of migraine that people can experience. Migraine Without Aura
This type of migraine is the most common type and accounts for between 70% - 90% of all migraines. A migraine without aura is when a migraine attack happens with no warnings signs.→
Even the most vocal critic of the American health care system cannot watch coverage of the current Covid-19 crisis without appreciating the heroism of each caregiver and patient fighting its most-severe consequences. Hospitals are being built in parks and convention centers, new approaches to sterilizing personal protective equipment (PPE) for reuse are being implemented, and new protocols for placing multiple patients on a single ventilator have been developed. Most dramatically, caregivers have routinely become the only people who can hold the hand of a sick or dying patient since family members are forced to remain separate from their loved ones at their time of greatest need.
Neonatal acne is usually mild and does not require treatment since its symptoms resolve on their own. However, it should be approached with care. The situation is similar when it comes to acne occurring in infants. Only very severe infantile acne may actually require treatment.→
Nasal aspirators are very convenient and widely used to help newborns and infants to clear their nose. However, older children should be taught how to blow their nose as early as possible. Exercising in front of a mirror and blowing bubbles, candles, or feathers may be helpful with that→
Shortness of breath, also known as dyspnea, is an unpleasant, subjective feeling of not being able to breathe well enough and not getting enough air. In healthy persons, it usually occurs after intense physical activity. When it is a symptom of a disease, it may take the form of effort dyspnea (occurring during activities of varying intensity) or dyspnea at rest (occurring while being idle).→
Bacterial lysates are immunizing vaccines that can protect the body against recurrent respiratory diseases. They are administered orally, in the form of tablets, granules, capsules, or aerosols. They are available only by prescription and can usually be used by children over 3 years of age.→
In medicine, oxygen saturation is a term used to describe the ratio of hemoglobin bound with molecular oxygen in the blood to the total amount of hemoglobin in the body. Every human needs an adequate amount of oxygen in the blood to live. Oxygen saturation is one of the five vital parameters, next to heart rate, body temperature, blood pressure, and respiratory rate.→
A pulse oximeter is a device designed to measure the level of blood oxygenation, which is a standard procedure for patient care in hospitals and ambulances. Due to the simple mechanism of action and quick results, this medical tool is also increasingly often used at home.→
Blood counts are one of the basic tests that can alert you to the presence of various pathophysiological conditions in your body. They are relatively cheap and can be invaluable in the diagnosis of various diseases. In this article let us focus on creatinine levels in the blood serum, which reflects the state of the kidneys' excretory function.
What exactly is creatinine?→
Dryness in the throat and esophagus can be eliminated by moistening them with, for example, mouthwashes, syrups, or sprays containing, among others, marshmallow root, hyaluronic acid, and Icelandic lichen. It is also worth avoiding spicy and salty dishes and drugs, drinking plenty of water, and using chewing gum.→
radiation is a type of electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength between 30
cm and about 1 mm - on the electromagnetic spectrum, it is between infrared
radiation and ultrashort waves. Microwaves are the shortest type of radio
waves. They are created similarly to radio waves but have a higher frequency.
The SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus belongs to the Coronaviridae family, which comprises zoonotic viruses found in birds and mammals. Symptoms of a SARS-CoV-2 infection include fever, weakness and fatigue, shortness of breath, cough, and difficulty breathing.→
is one of the human body's defense mechanisms and an important warning signal
informing about a developing disease or its exacerbation. It is tied to the
increased production of the so-called pyrogenic cytokines which activate
specific enzymes - cyclooxygenases (COX) - in the hypothalamus. This leads to
increased production of prostaglandins (including PGE2), which affect the
thermoregulation center, resulting in an increase in body temperature. A slight
increase (in the range of 37.1–38.0°C) is called a low-grade fever.
During fall and winter, many people experience worsened physical condition, weakness, fatigue, and increased susceptibility to infections. The autumn diet should warm you up, satisfy the increased caloric needs, and provide nutrients that maintain immunity, proper body weight, and efficient metabolism.
With the advent of colder and shorter days, the body requires more filling meals to warm up, strengthen its immunity, and provide the necessary energy. The lower availability of fresh seasonal vegetables and fruits causes our eating habits to change. Warm, boiled, and baked dishes rich in calories are served instead of salads and light meals. When coupled with decreased physical activity, we get a recipe for gaining weight. So how can you adjust your diet to strengthen your body and keep it in good shape in the fall?→
Parents often wonder which thermometer to choose, especially since there are various models available on the market, and manufacturers offer newer and newer solutions - starting from glass thermometers and ending with thermometers in the form of a pacifier or temperature monitors. Unfortunately, not all thermometers guarantee reliable and accurate measurements. Many people probably still remember the old mercury thermometers, which were withdrawn from production in 2009 due to the harmful effects of mercury contained in them.→
countries around the world have introduced an order to cover the lower parts of
the face, nose, and mouth in public places to reduce the risk of SARS-CoV-2
infection. It is widely advised to cover mouth and nose at least until an
effective coronavirus vaccine is developed and widely available. Many different
types of protective face masks can be currently found in pharmacies and stores.
They have different purposes and are made of different materials. However, the
question is - does a face mask protect against the coronavirus?
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